The 把(bǎ) Sentence

First, let me explain to you what is a Ba-sentence?

As we all know, a basic sentence in Mandarin is formed like Subject + Verb + Object, same as in English. However, in a Ba-sentence, the object is placed before the verb.

So, why we need to learn this structure: because in Chinese sometimes we cannot directly put an object right after a verb, we have to put the object before the verb with the help of .

Here are some useful ba-sentence patterns:

 

A. Basic Sentence Structure:

Subject + (bǎ) + Object + Verb + Other elements

The usage of this type sentence is to request or order someone to do something. Note that in a Ba-sentence, the subject and the object should be specified or known to the speaker and the listener.

 

Ex:

帮我把这本书还了吧
Bāng wǒ bǎ zhèběn shū huán le ba
Help me return this book

你把灯关了吧
Nǐ bǎ dēng guān le ba
(you) Turn off the lights

你把牛奶喝了
Nǐ bǎ niú nǎi hē le
(you) Drink the milk

 

B.  Sentences with Two Objects

Pattern 1 : Subject + (bǎ) + Object + 给(gěi) + sb.

 

Ex:

把你的护照给我
Bǎ nǐ de hù zhào gěi wǒ
Give me your passport

把你的手机给他
Bǎ nǐ de shǒu jī gěi tā
Give him your cell phone

 

If the ower of an object has changed to another person, in this case, we should use the pattern:

Pattern 2 : Subject + (bǎ) + Object + Verb + 给(gěi) + sb.

 

Ex:

学生把礼物送给老师
Xuéshēng bǎ lǐwù sònggěi lǎoshī
Students send the gifts to teachers

今天早上,他已经把钱还给我了
Jīntiān zǎoshàng, tā yǐ jīng bǎ qián huán gěi wǒ le
He has given me back the money this morning

请把盐拿给我
Qǐng bǎ yán ná gěi wǒ
Please pass me the salt

 

*Some common verbs such as ‘送'(sòng)-to give as a present, ‘还'(huán)-to return, ‘拿'(ná)-to take, ‘借'(jiè)-to borrow, ‘带'(dài)-to bring, ‘递'(dì)-to pass, ‘仍'(rēng)-to throw,…

 

C.  Sentences with Locations

This type of be-sentence is often used to indicate the change of the location of the person or thing.

Subject + 把 + Object + Verb + 在/到 + Location

 

Ex:

我已经把碗在桌子上了
Wǒ yǐjīng bǎ wǎn fàng zài zhuōzi shàng le
I’ve already put the bowls on the table

小王还没把客人到机场
Xiǎowáng hái méi bǎ kèrén sòng dào jīchǎng
Xiaowang has not sent the guests to the airport yet

把车到楼下
Bǎ chē kāi dào lóu xià
Drive the car to downstairs

 

D.  Sentences with a  Resultative/Directional Complement

This type of Ba-sentence is used to show an action which is done by a specified person or thing and has brought a result or has changed the position of the person or thing.

Subject + 把(bǎ) + Object + Verb + Complement of result/direction

 

Ex:

我把衣服洗干净了
Wǒ bǎ yīfú xǐ gānjìng le
I washed my clothes (and they are clean now)

妈妈把饭做好了
Māma bǎ fàn zuò hǎo le
Mother has finished cooking dinner.

请把铅笔拿出来
Qǐng bǎ qiān bǐ ná chūlái
Please take out pencils

把手机放好
Bǎ shǒujī fàng hǎo
Put the phones away

 

Ling

Ling

Hi, I’m Ling, a Chinese tutor and a language learning amateur. I create this blog with a goal to help Mandarin learners and Chinese culture lovers to study and know about this language by self-learning. Welcome to visit me from time to time and give me your precious advice! Thank you! 😛

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