Nuances

以后 vs 后来

Are they same?    Let’s first look at some examples:   1. 以后不许再提这件事。     Yǐ hòu bú xǔ zài tí zhè jiàn shì     Don’t mention that matter again   2. 1990年以后我就来上海工作了。     1990 nián yǐhòu wǒ jiù lái Shànghǎi gōngzuò le      After 1990, I came to Shanghai for work. …

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‘向’ vs ‘对’

‘向’ and ‘对’ can both be used to indicate the object of an action.   Similarities: The verb after ‘向’ and ‘对’ can express body movements.   向/对 + 动作的对象 + 具体动词 (向/对 + The object of action + Concrete verbs)   e.g. 1. 张老师向/对小明点了点头。 Mr Zhang nodded to Xiao Ming 2. 他向/对我笑了笑。 He smiled …

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The differences between ‘会‘(huì), ‘能’(néng), ‘可以‘(kěyǐ) – All levels

‘会’(huì),‘能’(néng), ‘可以’(kěyǐ) all mean ‘can’, but do you know the differences?   This grammar summary is for all levels, if you just started learning Chinese, click the 10 Common Beginner Mistakes in Chinese to get your right Chinese dessert!   能 vs 会 (néng/huì) To express the ability a. 能néng: the inborn ability, don’t need …

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10 Common Beginner Mistakes in Chinese

1. 学 vs 学习 (xué / xuéxí) Both words mean ‘to study’ or ‘to learn’, whereas 学习 can be used both transitively and intransitively, 学 in normally reserved for transitive use. e.g. 我学(习)汉语,她学(习)法语。Wǒ xué(xí) hànyǔ, tā xué(xí)fǎyǔ. I study Chinese, she studies French. 我学习,他不学习。Wǒ xuéxí, tā bù xuéxí. I learn, he doesn’t learn. In the second …

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The differences between question particles ‘吗'(ma) and ‘呢'(ne)

‘吗’(ma) and ‘呢’(ne) are both located at the end of a sentence to form a question in Chinese.   If you don’t have time to read this article now, you can just get as a PDF and read it later.     「吗」 ‘吗’(ma) is used to ask a general question (yes-no question). If you remove ‘吗’, the …

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